The ASA Learn to Swim Pathway is the overarching programme for Learn to Swim.

The ASA Foundation Framework provides the first part of the Pathway and promotes early water confidence and basic motor skills. The three stages of the Foundation Framework are:

  • Swim A Song
  • Duckling
  • Alpha Step / Additional Needs Awards

These three stages of the Foundation Framework underpin the next 10 stages in the Learn to Swim and Aquatic Skills Frameworks.

Swim a Song steps

Find out below what your youngster could be gaining from completing the Swim a Song sessions.

Step 1: (0-18 months)

By the end of this step participants will be able to: (buoyancy aids and support can be used for this step)

1 Enter the water comfortably supported fully by an adult.

2 Kick/ move legs with adult support.

3 Allow for their face to be wet by adult.

4 Float with adult support on their front or back.

5 Place feet on wall with adult support. Adult then supports a push off wall and glide.

6 Travel in different directions with adult support.

7 Splash water with their hands.

8 Reach and grab a toy.

9 Move from horizontal to vertical position with adult support.

10 Exit the water safely with adult support.

Step 2: (18-24 months)

By the end of this step participants will be able to: (buoyancy aids and support can be used for this step)

1 Enter the water comfortably supported by an adult. Swimmers should wait for adult instruction before entering water.

2 Kick and move legs continuously.

3 Put face in the water and dip chin and mouth in and out independently.

4 Travel on front and back for 2m with adult support

5 Float on front with/ without adult support.

6 Float on back with/ without adult support.

7 Push and glide off wall with adult support.

8 Paddle with hands and feel the water.

9 Reach, grab and throw toys in the water.

10 Rotate 180 degrees either horizontally and vertically with adult support.

11 Exit the water safely with adult support.

Step 3: (24-36 months +)

By the end of this stage participants will be able to: (buoyancy aids and support can be used for this step).

1 Enter the water safely where safe and reasonably practical without adult support but under close supervision.

2 Kick legs simultaneously and travel 2m with adult support.

3 Put face in the water and blow bubbles.

4 Travel on front for 2 m using aids with adult support.

5 Travel on back for 2m using aids with adult support.

6 Push and glide from wall without support of parent.

7 Perform a star float on back with adult support behind the head and return to vertical position.

8 Use arms and legs to travel 2m in any direction without support.

9 Reach and catch toys on top of and under surface of water.

10 Rotate 180 degrees either horizontally or vertically without adult support.

11 Exit the water safely with adult supervision.

NB: Swimmers with severe additional needs who are unlikely to achieve all outcomes may be awarded badges at teachers discretion for demonstration of progress towards the outcomes and increased water confidence in line with achievements considered appropriate for that individual.

Register Your Interest

Learning to swim is a vital skill that lasts for a lifetime. Through fun-based lessons following the ASA Learn to Swim Pathway, we have sessions for all – from beginners to advanced.

You will automatically become a 1Life card holder which allows you to book classes or activities online or in centre as well as giving you access to a range of great discount offers.

Swim School Interest Form

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